Spatial distribution of urban slums and community health centres in Ahmedabad, India

GIS a relatively new and is finding its way to improve health. Developing countries deal with more technological challenges to make use of GIS. But nonetheless, a very effective project with implication and impact on the local community of Ahmedabad, India is shown below. The project was impactful – was able to communicate the uneducated & also the educated mass on the issue. It went on to be heard by local policymakers too.

Capture

The above map developed by UMC in help with AMC staff shows the spatial distribution of slums and community health centers across the city.

UMC staff visited AMC’s existing UHCs and CHCs to understand their functioning and understand the requirements for upgrading facilities. UMC developed a methodology which involved meetings and interviews with health staff including medical officers, pharmacists, lab technicians, multi-purpose workers (MPW) etc. Separate SWOT analysis was conducted with medical health workers and with pharmacists, lab technicians and MPWs. UMC with assistance of AMC staff, identified slum pockets and communities on the base map of Ahmedabad and also marked existing health facilities provided by the AMC. These maps were later transferred to a GIS environment to analyze the accessibility of health facilities by slum dwellers. This assisted in locating newer health facilities as proposed under the NUHM. UMC also has prepared model layouts for the new proposed health centres for the AMC. A detailed phase-wise budget and a proposal was prepared for the AMC for submission to Government of India under the NUHM.

Source: Office of Urban Development Authority of Ahmedabad, India.

GIS in developing countries

GIS a relatively new and is finding its way to improve health. Developing countries deal with more technological challenges to make use of GIS. But nonetheless, a very effective project with implication and impact on the local community of Ahmedabad, India is shown below. The project was impactful – was able to communicate the uneducated & also the educated mass on the issue. It went on to be heard by local policymakers too.

Capture

The above map developed by UMC in help with AMC staff shows the spatial distribution of slums and community health centers across the city.

UMC staff visited AMC’s existing UHCs and CHCs to understand their functioning and understand the requirements for upgrading facilities. UMC developed a methodology which involved meetings and interviews with health staff including medical officers, pharmacists, lab technicians, multi-purpose workers (MPW) etc. Separate SWOT analysis was conducted with medical health workers and with pharmacists, lab technicians and MPWs. UMC with assistance of AMC staff, identified slum pockets and communities on the base map of Ahmedabad and also marked existing health facilities provided by the AMC. These maps were later transferred to a GIS environment to analyze the accessibility of health facilities by slum dwellers. This assisted in locating newer health facilities as proposed under the NUHM. UMC also has prepared model layouts for the new proposed health centres for the AMC. A detailed phase-wise budget and a proposal was prepared for the AMC for submission to Government of India under the NUHM.

Source: Office of Urban Development Authority of Ahmedabad, India.

India to build a GIS-based Public Safety Response System for Women

With the rise in reports of violence against women in India, special attention has been given to improving public emergency response systems. The Indian Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved a proposal by the Ministry of Home Affairs to establish an Integrated Computer-Aided Dispatch platform.

The dispatch platform will include GIS-based call response and GPS-based police vehicle dispatch system. The system will track alarms generated by panic buttons, landlines, mobiles and mobile applications and the appropriate emergency response units will be dispatched to attend calls.

The project aims to cover 32.6 per cent of the total population or 391 million people including highly crime prone areas and cities with population of over a million.

Read the full article here.

Juhi Mawla, Intern, gis@vertices.com