America’s healthcare industry is a mess: from confusing regulations to perverse incentives. Meanwhile, Mario Schlosser, the CEO of Oscar Health, has moved from academia and created a company, called Oscar, with Joshua Kushner (brother of Jared Kushner) to try to solve these problems. “The goal of Oscar is to do to health care what Uber did to the taxi industry: use smart digital technology to make everything faster and easier for customers, and then use the data gathered to build radically new services, which can collect more data that leads to new services.” said Schlosser. Google’s parent company, Alphabet, has committed roughly $375 million in investments to this digital relief.
This is a follow up post about the radon levels in the United States of America. As mentioned in an earlier post, radon is formed when uranium breaks down into radium, which breaks down into radon. Radon is absorbed by the soil and ends up in water wells and home foundations. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), radon levels shouldn’t exceed 4.0 pCi/L (pico curies per liter). The map below shows the radon levels by color – yellow representing Zone 1; counties where average indoor radon screening levels are less than 2pCi/L, orange representing Zone 2, counties where average indoor radon screening levels are between 2 and 4 pCi/L, and red representing Zone 3, counties where average indoor radon screening levels exceed 4pCi/L. According to the National Radon Defense, the best way to know the radon level in your home is to test for it.
Click here to visit the National Radon Defense website to learn more about radon, radon levels in the U.S. and radon testing.
Radon is a colorless, tasteless and odorless gas that can cause lung cancer. According to the University of Georgia College of Family and Consumer Sciences, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the U.S., after tobacco. Radon is formed when uranium breaks down into radium, which breaks down into radon. Radon is absorbed by the soil and can enter homes through the foundation and well water systems. The map below shows the percentage of homes tested with radon levels 4.0 pCi/L and above. The data is from homes which volunteered to test their homes for radon.
Click on the link here to view more information about radon, radon testing and radon levels in Georgia.
Here is an interesting article on the distribution of sickle cell anemia and malaria across the African continent. The authors of this article also details various testing instruments and measures for HIV/AIDS and other conditions.
Below is a map that illustrates the distribution of malaria and sickle cell anemia in Africa. Click on the website here to download the article!
Source: Listick Daniel, Nanbol & Onuigwe, Festus & I.M., AbdulAzeez & B Osadolor, Humphrey & M.A.O, Okungbowa & O.J., Ikeama & Bukar, Alhaji & Emokpae, Abiodun & J.P.C., Nnadi & T, Nuhu & O.G., Ighalo & S.A., Shinkafi & Omoruyi Pius, Omosigho & Imoru, Momodu & Ikechukwu, Iwueke & Isah Ladu, Adama. (2017). SOKOTO JOURNAL OF MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE (SJMLS) VOLUME 2 ISSUE 2 JUNE 2017.
According to the March of Dimes website, there has been an increase in the rate of preterm births in the U.S., rising from 2% to 9.8% in 2016. Furthermore, their data show significant differences in preterm birth rates, based on race and zip code. Below is a map of this data for the U.S. The colors are based on a “grade” that the March of Dimes has given each state based on the rate of preterm birth rates in that state. Visit the March of Dimes website here to find out more information on each state’s preterm birth rate report card.
AIDSVu.org has information on HIV prevalence and incidence rates and cases from all counties and states in the U.S. The information is also broken down by demographic and mode of transmission. On the national map, it appears that the southeastern and eastern regions of the U.S. made up a significant portion of the persons living with HIV in the U.S. in 2015. Some of these states included Louisiana, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey and New York. The site also provides information on services individuals can utilize for testing and treatment purposes. The map below shows the rates of HIV prevalence in Georgia in 2015. According to the local data provided by the site, there were approximately 49,463 people in Georgia living with HIV at the time of data collection. To view more HIV data on specific counties in GA or from other counties and states in the U.S., click on the website, here.
The National Cancer Institute and the CDC developed a database with information on various types of cancer, areas in the country, demographics and statistic measurements. The map below shows age-adjusted incidence rates of breast cancer in Georgia from years 2011 to 2015, per 100,000 population. The demographic of focus is females, 50 years of age and less, of all races.
Create your own map on the website, here.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define binge drinking as having 4 or more drinks in the past 30 days for a woman and 5 or more drinks in the past 30 days for a man. To illustrate the amount of adults in the U.S. who binge drink, the CDC developed a map of the prevalence of binge drinking among adults in the U.S. in 2015. Based on the map, it appears that adults in most parts of the United States engage in heavy drinking. To learn more information about excessive drinking, please visit the CDC’s website, here.
The Word Dental Federation created a map on the average consumption of sugars and sweeteners, measured by grams per person per day. This map is one of many maps created by the World Dental Federation about the indicators and factors of oral health and oral health related issues. Based on the map below, in most countries in the world, including the U.S., individuals are consuming more than 100 grams of sugar per person per day. This information is significant for developing policies and issues regarding oral health issues and chronic illnesses.
Visit the World Dental Federation’s website here to learn more about their work and maps related to oral health.
There are multiple reasons why some individuals in the US have health insurance and others do not. Affordability, knowledge of health insurance policies and awareness of need are just some reasons one may or may not have health insurance. To raise public awareness about the social determinants that increase one’s susceptibility to developing heart disease and stroke, in 2014 the CDC released a map of the percentage of adults in the US who are under the age of 65 and are uninsured. This map highlights areas of the country that are severely uninsured compared to areas where almost no one is without health insurance.
To read more about the CDC’s efforts at addressing heart disease and stroke in the US, please visit their website here.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Percent of Population Under Age 65 without Health Insurance. Division of Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/maps/sd_insurance.htm