The national average medical school in United States is composed of 59% Caucasians. City University of New York (CUNY) School of Medicine, which has been in existence for two years, is comprised of 53% underrepresented minorities. Not only are racial and ethnic minorities take into consideration but also economically disadvantaged students as well.
CUNY is on a mission to diversify the medical profession in addition to providing healthcare to under-served communities. This is important because students from those under-served communities are highly motivated to become doctors to fix problems they have seen within their communities and deliver healthcare to people that resemble their families.
Research has proven that it is of the most importance that patients have physicians and clinicians that they are able to relate too. This goes beyond the ethnic and racial component but to the training of a physician/clinician. They must be trained with empathy, cultural competence, and comprehension.
Guardians Life Insurance Company of America committed $1 million to the Children’s Health Fund. The donation launched the Guardians of the Smile partnership to provide quality dental care and education to children in underserved communities across the United States. From January to June 2018, Children’s Health Fund’s programs provided more than 7,500 dental encounters to children in Washington D.C., Dallas, Idaho, Los Angeles, New York, and Southern Arizona thanks to Guardian’s support.
The spokesperson for the Austin branch of the Guardians of the Smile is former pro-football player Michael Griffin. Michael Griffin will lead the partnership in Austin starting with Cook Elementary School. Students at Cook Elementary School learn about the importance of good oral hygiene at a fun and interactive event. K-2 students at the Austin school will brush larger-than-life teeth, wrangle giant floss, and meet the Tooth Guardian™. For more information visit check out their website:
The map today shows the geographic location of dentists currently practicing in the Dallas, TX area. In the process of conducting our GIS research, we noticed some areas that were heavily populated with oral health services as well as areas that are likely experiencing disparities in oral health care.
To bring awareness to the current health conditions in low-income areas in South-Dallas such as Oakcliff and other communities, the Oral Health Needs Index (OHNI) made an easy-to-access, oral health focused, Geographic Information System (GIS) based tool that allows people to find services based on their environment and resources.
Identifying dental providers who accept Medicaid/Medicare and forms of dental insurance in areas of low socioeconomic status can be difficult but it also essential in tackling disparities. With OHNI, users get a clear visualization of communities with lack of services. Lack of transportation and finding participating providers is a major barrier for low-income and rural populations. Identifying these barriers and how they contribute to health disparities experienced by under-served communities is important. It allows for a better understanding of ways to combat the health disparities in disadvantaged communities.
The maps listed shows the location of practicing dentists in the Miami,Fl area. Areas that are highlighted in orange/red are areas that experienced a high number of residents reporting not having a working vehicle at their home. Based on our research and maps created, you can see a huge shortage in availability of practicing dentists in areas that are lacking transportation. What you will also notice is a huge difference in the amount of practicing dentists in South Miami compared to North Miami. Being able to bring a clear visualization of health disparities such as oral care is important in decreasing healthcare costs in the US.
With the use of these maps, we get clear visualizations of health disparities experienced by under-served communities and it allows for a better understanding of ways to combat these disparities.
This is an example of a choropleth map. From the map we can see the percent of teeth that have been extracted due to tooth decay or gum disease for 2006, 2008 and 2010. A large percent of teeth extractions occurred in southern states indicated by the counties in red compared to Western states indicated by the counties in yellow.
Interestingly, the South is known for having poorer health outcomes and higher rates of chronic disease. Maps like this allow for this information to be displayed in a picture.
This map shows the geographic location of dentists currently practicing in Davidson-County as well as areas that are likely experiencing disparities in oral health care.
To bring awareness to the current health conditions in low-income areas such as North-Nashville, the Oral Health Needs Index (OHNI) made an easy-to-access, oral health focused, Geographic Information System (GIS) based tool that allows people to find services based on their environment and resources.
Identifying dental providers who accept Medicaid and other public dental insurance in areas of low socioeconomic status can be difficult. With OHNI, users get a clear visualization of communities with lack of services. Lack of transportation and finding participating providers is a major barrier for low-income and rural populations. Identifying these barriers and how they contribute to health disparities experienced by under-served communities is important. It allows for a better understanding of ways to combat disparities in disadvantaged communities.
About 5 million wisdom tooth extractions take place in the United States annually. There a plethora of reasons for removing these teeth. They can cause pain, tumors, and tooth decay if not removed. This is true of wisdom teeth that cause problems, because not all of them need to be removed. About 38% of people’s wisdom teeth do not form and therefore have no need to be removed. The other 62% have their wisdom teeth come in with or without problems.
Wisdom teeth used to be essential to humans everyday life before modern ages. Before the invention of cooking humans ate raw meats and other hard foods. This made it crucial to have another pair of molars to make chewing and sub sequentially digestion easier on the primitive man. The smaller the food gets after chewing makes it easier for the food to be digested.
As time went by and man became more advanced the need for this extra set of molars decreased. The food being eaten was not as tough and could be chewed a lot easier. Through evolution these teeth became obsolete, but were still developing in the body. At this point most people do not have enough room in their mouths for these extra teeth and they are causing problems. These problems arise from the teeth growing in different directions and putting pressure on existing teeth as well as creating crowding and spaces between other teeth. If this happens then it i recommended that the teeth be removed to alleviate these problems.
This map shows the geographic location of all practicing dentists in the state of Florida by county and the dental ER visits per 1000 in primary care professional shortage areas.
For better oral health outcomes to be possible in Florida, a data-driven, evidence-based program is essential. The Oral Health Needs Index(OHNI) made strides to fix this problem by creating an easy too access, oral health focused, outline Geographic Information System (GIS) based tool that allows users to turn complex data sets into maps and other easy-to-use visualizations.
According to the CDC, most oral diseases are avoidable, with the timely administration of preventive care. Failure to address oral health with timely preventive care may result in costly visits to hospital emergency rooms, especially for children in low-income households. Identifying dental providers who accept Medicaid and other public dental insurance can be difficult. Transportation and finding participating providers are significant barriers for low-income and rural populations. With the use of these maps, we get clear visualization of health disparities experienced by under-served communities and it allows for a better understanding of ways to combat these disparities.
Is the future of healthcare shifting towards employing clinical analysis technology to administer value-based care? Analytic technology allows healthcare providers to understand their patient population better using social determinants of health. The analytic technology uses electronic health records to measure health trends amongst the targeted population.
Value-based care is collecting relevant data sources specific to socio-economic and social determinants of health unique to a specific population to plan appropriate interventions. These strategies have the potential to improve health outcomes specifically targeted areas at lower costs. Cost can be lower through a thorough analytical investigation of community needs trends and provider behaviors that increase cost. Carilion Clinic in Virginia is currently utilizing value-based care and analytical technology to serve its community better.
Home kits for braces have been all the rage as of late. But these braces can cause major problems with those that purchase them. These diy braces use clear aligners to move teeth into a more desired setting. But since there are no orthodontists to monitor the shifting of the teeth there is no way to tell if they are being properly aligned.
The kits include an impression tray for you to manually take an impression of your mouth with then aligners after that that should correlate with the shifting of your teeth on a monthly basis. The customers just send the company selfies of their teeth as a progress tracker of the alignments.
Without the constant supervision of orthodontists braces can do more harm than help. Teeth shifting is a serious ordeal and should be taken as such. If teeth are shifted too quickly or into the wrong alignment there could be irreparable damage. That is why an orthodontist should be present to make sure that your teeth are moving correctly. Regular consumers are not qualified to do that and should not be in charge of something so important.