Injury Death Rate By County ( 2009 to 2013)

MOTD8_15_17_InjuryDeathRate2009to2013

Check out this map that shows the rate of deaths due to injury by county for years 2009 to 2013 per 100,000 population. From the map we can see some states have a large portion of counties shaded dark, such as New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, Montana, Wyoming, Oklahoma, West Virginia indicating they had a higher rate of deaths caused by injury. In contrast, we can see some states such as New York, New Jersey and New Hampshire are predominantly shaded yellow/light orange indicating they had a lower rate of injury deaths. Why might this be? According to the Washington Post blue-collar jobs have the highest rate of fatal occupational injuries. Thus, on might question if the counties with the highest rate of injury death also reflect counties where a high proportion of residents have blue-collar jobs?

By Julia Watson

How Some States Are Responding To The Opioid Epidemic

Although President Donald Trump recently declared the opioid crisis a national epidemic some states have already been working towards a solution to the crisis such as, making the drug naloxone, which reverses opioid overdoses, freely available. Check out this clip from NPR which describes how some states responding to the opioid crisis.
https://www.npr.org/player/embed/542836709/542867098
For more information click here.

By Julia Watson.

Can Gold Be Used For Cancer Treatment?

Scientist at Edinburgh University have discovered new properties of gold and have found ways to use nano fragments of gold in cancer treatment. The team’s research suggest the metal could be used to safely release cancer drugs inside tumors. The researchers are hoping that one day their discovery will allow for the development of implants that would that would allow this and reduce the damaging effects to healthy organs. Interested, read more here.

goldCA

By Julia Watson

Preventable Hospital Stay Rate By County 2013

Ambulatory-care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) are conditions where effective community care and management can help prevent the need for hospital admission. The map below shows the rate of hospital stays for ACSCs per 1,000 Medicare enrollees. From the map we can see a large portion of counties within western states had a lower ACSCs rate indicated by the yellow/light orange shading compared to counties within various southern states who had higher rates, indicated by the darker shaded counties. Map like this allow health providers to then look deeper into why these rates vary. For instance, since ACSC’s are medical problems that are potentially preventable, such as hypertension, health care providers might hypothesize counties with higher rates are lacking health care providers.

MOTD7_21_17_PreventableHospitalStay

By Julia Watson

 

Average Daily PM 2.5 By County in 2011

MOTD7_19_17_AvgPM252011Particulate Matter (PM) are small particles that contain microscopic solids and liquid droplets that are suspended in the air which can be inhaled and cause health effects. PM range in size, but particles less than 10 mm present the greatest threat. Some particles are emitted directly from a source such as, smokestacks, fires, construction sites, etc. and others are a result of complex atmospheric reactions [1].

Check out this map that shows the average daily PM 2.5 by county in 2011. From the graph we see a three distinct darkly shaded clusters indicating a high amount of daily exposure. The first cluster includes counties in Nevada and Utah. The second cluster includes counties within Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas and Nebraska. The third and most prominent includes counties within various southern states such as, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and North and South Carolina. In contrast, we can see states such as Oregon, Texas, California and Arizona are shaded yellow indicating a lower daily average.

By Julia Watson

 

Years of Potential Life Lost Rate (2011 to 2013)

Check out this map that shows the years of potential life lost rate from years 2011 to 2013. The years of potential life lost rate, also known as premature mortality rate, measures the frequency in which people are dying. From the map we can see a pronounced cluster of states darkly shaded (Oklahoma, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia) indicating a large proportion of counties within these states had a high rate of premature deaths. In other words people who lived within these counties were dying at an early age. In contrast we can see counties within states such as, Maine, Road Island, Vermont are lightly shaded yellow/orange, indicating people who lived within these counties were dying at an older age.

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For more information click here

By Julia Watson