Teen Opioid Use Linked to Parental Use

Recent studies have shown that teens have a higher risk of addiction to opioids if their parents struggle with the problem. This study shows similarity to the use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana among teens in relation to their parents’ use of those substances.

Further analysis shows that 8% of teens who did not have parent that abused opioids compared with 14% of teens with parents that abused opioids.

https://www.aappublications.org/news/2019/02/25/opioids022519

 

 

 

 

 

Public Health Crisis of American Indians

As African Americans lack representation within the medical field American Indians and Alaska Natives have even less representation.

Only 62 American Indian or Alaska Native students have graduated from the University of Wisconsin of Medicine and Public Health within the past 37 years out of 5,481 graduates.

The low number of American Indian/Alaska Natives graduates can be attributed in part due to internalized learned behavior from boarding school experiences passed from one generation to the next. It can also be attributed to lack of representation of physicians to serve as role models to other American Indian/Alaska Natives. Even so, sometimes American Indians/Alaska Native do not have access to physician care so they do not view that as a feasible attainment for them.

This not only impacts the number of American Indian/Alaska Natives physicians but the knowledge and way to treat American Indians/Alaska Natives is not very well understood.  A large majority of Americans lack knowledge of key health issues that impact their community the most and the best way to address such issues.

https://badgerherald.com/news/2019/02/19/native-american-representation-in-medicine-crucial-to-combating-public-health-disparities-report-suggests/

 

Impacting Disparities in Health Care

The national average medical school in United States is composed of 59% Caucasians. City University of New York (CUNY) School of Medicine, which has been in existence for two years, is comprised of 53% underrepresented minorities. Not only are racial and ethnic minorities take into consideration but also economically disadvantaged students as well.

CUNY is on a mission to diversify the medical profession in addition to providing healthcare to under-served communities. This is important because students from those under-served communities are highly motivated to become doctors to fix problems they have seen within their communities and deliver healthcare to people that resemble their families.

Research has proven that it is of the most importance that patients have physicians and clinicians that they are able to relate too. This goes beyond the ethnic and racial component but to the training of a physician/clinician. They must be trained with empathy, cultural competence, and comprehension.

 

https://diverseeducation.com/article/138891/

 

 

Fighting the Opioid Crisis

 

opioids link

The opioid problem has become a national crisis over the past several years. Statistics show 115 people die daily due to opioid overdose. The Justice Department nationally awarded 320 million dollars to assist in making a profound impact on the opioid crisis.

Nebraska was given 1.3 million dollars to promote prevention, treatment, and enforcement. The money will be used to strengthen prescription drug monitoring programs through improvement of prescriber enrollment and actually utilizing the program. The money will also take a look at problematic prescribing and geographic areas that raise the most concern.

 

Sources:

1. https://www.drugabuse.gov/drugs-abuse/opioids/opioid-overdose-crisis

2. https://journalstar.com/news/state-and-regional/govt-and-politics/nebraska-to-get-   m-from-justice-department-to-fight-opioid/article_f613fff2-77b2-51ca-ae9a-e834cd09d5b5.html

 

Vision Care

 

vision.jpg

 

To be healthy, is to be in a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being not just merely the absence of disease according to The World Health Organization. Often times eye care is not what automatically comes to mind when thinking about overall health. However, how important is one’s vision? The answer is, vision and eye care are pivotal. Poor vision and lack of eye care can cause a number of problems that can decrease the quality of a person’s life and health.

An independent nonprofit organization, OneSight, travels to underserved and remove populations to provide better vision. During one of the organization’s trips they traveled the Amazon with a team to provide a digital eye clinic; providing an eye exam and glasses all in the same day. In the future the organization plans to add a surgical component for cataracts and other procedures. Still, there are over a billion people in the world that need glasses but have no access or funds to do so.

 

Sources:

  1. http://www.who.int/about/mission/en/
  2. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/09/partner-content-see-what-lack-of-vision-care-looks-like/

 

 

 

insurance

 

Short term health insurance sometimes referred to as term health insurance serves to fill in the gap in health coverage while in a state of transition. Transition periods such as in-between jobs, awaiting benefits from a new job, missed open enrollment time slot, and/or a college student fresh out of school are a few occasions when short term health insurance is necessary.

Short term health insurance under the Obama Administration developed regulations to limit the length up to three months with no opportunity for renewal. Currently, under the Trump Administration short term health insurance can be purchased for policies lasting up to 1 year with opportunity for renewal a maximum of two times.

Short term health insurance is regulated through the states not the Affordable Care Act which set specific stipulations and guidelines for insurance companies to abide by. Due to this, short term insurance has large coverage gaps, some not including maternity leave, mental health care, or prescription drugs. People with short-term health insurance policies have coverage but “skinny coverage”.

 

Source:
1.   https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/10/01/652141154/buyer-beware-new-

cheaper-insurance-policies-may-have-big-coverage-gaps

 

  1. https://www.uhone.com/insurance/short-term

SIU Medical School: Encompasses Social Determinants of Health

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There are many factors that influence and have great impact on an individuals health status. Poverty, access to healthcare, education, and housing are a few examples of social determinants of health.

Southern Illinois University (SIU) School of Medicine has developed a Department of Population Science and Policy. The mission of the department is to teach medical students how  the routine lives of patients play a large role in their overall health. Medical students that integrate this into their learning will become an overall better doctor with the ability to help patients manage their health properly.

Source:

http://www.sj-r.com/news/20180924/new-siu-department-focuses-on-social-determinants-of-health

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Breast is Best

The American Academy of Pediatrics and The World Health Organization suggest that infants be breastfed exclusively for the first 6 months postpartum. It has been scientifically proven that breastfeeding provides essential nutrition and potentially reduces risk for a variety of diseases and asthma among other things.

In Hempstead, New York, the town board voted to repeal a town code that banned breastfeeding in public. State law in New York allows women to breastfeed openly and freely anyplace.

 

https://www.newsday.com/long-island/nassau/hempstead-town-breastfeeding-1.20833715