Combating Antimicrobial Resistance in Brazil

The World Health Organization (WHO) made Combat Antimicrobial Resistance the theme for the 2011 World Health Day on April 7th. It defines antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as “resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was previously sensitive.” More than 50 percent of antibiotic prescriptions are unnecessary, but they are big business, according to WHO.

Scientists in Brazil have created the first map of clusters of antibiotic resistance in Brazil, linking the phenomenon to abuse of the drug and opening doors to guide public policies for antibiotic prescription and sales.

Out of 4,372 cases of urinary tract infection caused by the E. coli bacterium that were registered in two outpatient clinics of the capital of the southern state of São Paulo in 2002, the study found that 723 were resistant to treatment with ciprofloxacin.

For more information, click here.

Source: IPS News

Sachiye Day, VERTICES intern. sachiye@vertices.com

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