In 1992, the UN General Assembly designated 22 March of each year as the World Day for Water, focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.
The theme for 2011 World Water Day is Water for Cities: Responding to the Urban Challenge. It aims to spotlight and encourage governments, organizations, communities, and individuals to actively engage in addressing the challenges of urban water management. Currently, most of the world’s population live in cities: 3.3 billion people and the urban landscape continues to grow. Of the growth, 38% is represented by expanding slums, while the city populations are increasing faster than city infrastructure can adapt. It is important to to focus international attention on the impact of rapid urban population growth, industrialization, and uncertainties caused by climate change, conflicts, and natural disasters on urban water systems.
Above is a map of access to safe drinking water by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). According to UNEP, “There are currently more than 1000 million people in the world that lacks access to an easily accessible and safe water source, such as a connection to water mains or a protected well. Instead, water access is limited or available through unprotected sources.”
Sachiye Day, VERTICES intern. email@example.com