Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza that regularly cause outbreaks of influenza among pigs. The virus is a brand new strain, a subtype of Influenza A/H1N1 that has never been detected before in swine or humans.
Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans. However, this strain appears to be a combination of human, swine and bird flu viruses. It contains the DNA of: North American swine influenza; a swine influenza virus typically found in Asia and Europe; human influenza A; and a North American avian influenza.
Human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection have been identified recently in the United States as well as internationally. Laboratory testing has found the swine influenza A (H1N1) virus susceptible to the prescription antiviral drugs oseltamivir and zanamivir and has issued interim guidance for the use of these drugs to treat and prevent infection with swine influenza viruses. CDC also has prepared interim guidance on how to care for people who are sick and interim guidance on the use of face masks in a community setting where spread of this swine flu virus has been detected.
For more information, please check the CDC site.
Melissa Lawrence, Rutgers Student Intern, VERTICES, LLC